2. God’s Essential Nature
The Bible speaks of several different characteristics of God that helps us understand who He is.
A. God is Personality
The Bible presents God as a being with self-consciousness and will, capable of feeling and choosing and having the capacity of entering into relationships with other personal beings.
Evidences of God’s Personality
He has a name, intellect, emotions, and a will.
Ex. 3:13-14 – Then Moses said to God, Behold, I am going to the sons of Israel, and I will say to them, The God of your fathers has sent me to you. Now they may say to me, What is His name? What shall I say to them? God said to Moses, I AM WHO I AM; and He said, Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, I AM has sent me to you.
Ps. 115:3 – But our God is in the heavens; He does whatever He pleases.
Ps. 147:5 – Great is our Lord and abundant in strength; His understanding is infinite.
Is. 46:10 – Declaring the end from the beginning, And from ancient times things which have not been done, Saying, My purpose will be established, And I will accomplish all My good pleasure.
Dan. 4:35 – All the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing, But He does according to His will in the host of heaven And among the inhabitants of earth; And no one can ward off His hand Or say to Him, What have You done?
1 John 4:16 – We have come to know and have believed the love which God has for us. God is love, and the one who abides in love abides in God, and God abides in him.
B. God is Spirit
The Bible presents God as Spirit. No one has seen God at anytime. In the Old Testament, there were several ways that God presence was manifested. The pillar of fire, the cloud by day, and the Shekina Glory are but a few. He is best seen in the person of Jesus the Messiah.
John 4:24 – God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.
John 1:18 – No one has seen God at any time; the only begotten God who is in the bosom of the Father, He has explained Him.
John 14:9 – Jesus said to him, Have I been so long with you, and yet you have not come to know Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; how can you say, Show us the Father?
1 Tim. 1:17 – Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.